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Philosophy Web Research
Now-Time, the Messianic, and Consumer Alienation in Walter Benjamin
Moving Beyond the Dangerous Tea Party Myths
The Foundation of Freedom of Choice
Conserving Hierarchies of Power
The Drive Thru Jesus of the Church of Free Market Miracles: Finding Another Way
The Force of the Future: A Globalized, Cosmopolitan Passion for Justice
The Power of Religion in the Public Sphere
The Punishing State: Walter Benjamin and the Current Catastrophes of History
The Paralysis of Critical Consciousness: A New Type of Human Being
Political Acts under Conditions of Permanent Economic Emergency
Once upon a Time...There was Art and Literature in America
Redeeming the Sixties: Herbert Marcuse and the Formation of Political Language
Rule by a Capitalist Minority is Not Much Different from Rule by a Communist Minority
Kierkegaard in Contemporary Philosophy
John Rawls: Secularized Calvinism, Moralized Protestant Vocationalism
The Religion of John Rawls: An Anti-meritocratic, Egalitarian Conception of Distributive Justice
Unbridgeable Gaps: Habermas on Religion and Critical Theory
A Proper Role for Religion in the Public Sphere
Multitude: Philosophy for the Future?
Governing Citizens: Genealogy, Critique, Politics
Robert Kennedy on Aeschylus
Does Society Need God?
A New Focus on Public Sociology
Transcending the Liberal-Conservative Divide
Max Weber and National Socialism
Leo Strauss and Neoconservatism
THE CLASH OF CIVILIZATIONS
George Will Promotes Ideology Not Policy
What is Enlightenment?
The Unrest is Growing: Habermas in Iran
American National Pride
Violence and Justice in a Global Age
In every age Christian faith must be articulated into the real world at the time. Contemporary theology chooses, explicitly or implicitly, some way of thinking in the world which, it is thought, best describes the conditions of the times. When the Apostle Paul preached the gospel into the Greek world he had to do so through the language and ways of thinking which characterized that world. This greatly affected the message coming from Jewish sources and this has been a major issue in contemporary biblical studies.
Another example is the current religious right. It emerged from the late 19th and early 20th century battles between the church and the views of science prevalent at that time. The so-called Christian right continues to be locked into that framework for its faith understanding and articulation. In the meantime science has changed very considerably and has had large impacts through the professions on modern economies and societies creating serious conflicts and issues which the religious right can barely see let alone help in constructive theological understanding.
At this website we will explore various philosophical and scientific approaches to understanding the world. The disciplines of sociology, anthropology, political theory and, especially, history, are important for both biblical and theological research.
The phrase "Public Theology" has been used to refer to efforts to relect on the relation of theology and the philosophy of the German thinker Jurgen Habermas (right photo) who has emerged from the school of thought known as critical social theory. This theory began in the era of Hitler's Germany and examines the fundamental presuppositions of Enlightenment thought, its central belief in the efficacy of reason, and how modern socities under the influence of science have created conditions threatening fundamental human meanings, structures, and relationships.
One of the original members of the Frankfurt School of critical social theory is Walter Benjamin (photo at top), who continues to be widely read today. One primary resource for a contemporary Protestant Public Theology is his writing about messianic history, "Theses On the Concept of History," in contrast with the political philosophy of the Nazi jurist Carl Schmitt.
At this site we also are interested in the philosophical orientation known as postmodernism because it too examines the ways human life has changed with the implementation of Enlightenment thought through the several "Enlightenment institutions." So we are interested in persons such as the French philosopher Michel Foucault who, though he died in 1984, continues to be widely read. He studied the history of specific modern institutions such as the clinic, the prison, and government. He believed that the "pastoral power" of the church in the middle ages has been taken over by modern governments which have become concerned with the whole life of each member of the population.
The critiques of modernity by social critical theory and postmodernism run much deeper than those of the contemporary religious right which trivializes key moral and sexual issues and makes it seem that theology has nothing to contribute to serious thought about these issues. We want to provide a place for deeper reflection about these matters and invite inquiries from pastors and scholars about how to proceed.
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